Kisah-kisah dan teropongan seorang siamang profesional di Bukit Antarabangsa, Ampang, Selangor.
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Bebel Without a Clause
Thursday, May 12, 2011
Mahu tahu apa boleh jadi kepada Muslim bila Roman Katolik memerintah?
Orang Islam dihalau keluar bila mereka tidak berkuasa. Buktinya ada disini. Saya harap dapat melawat tempat ini sedikit masa lagi. Saya kan paparkan bukti2 lain sedikit demi sedikit.
In 1224 AD, Holy Roman EmperorFrederick II, responding to religious uprisings in Sicily, expelled all Muslims from the island, transferring many to Lucera - "Lugêrah", as she was known in Arabic - over the next two decades. In this controlled environment, they could not challenge royal authority and they benefited the crown in taxes and military service. Their numbers eventually reached between 15,000 and 20,000, leading Lucera to be called Lucaera Saracenorum because it represented the last stronghold of Islamic presence in Italy. During peacetime, Muslims in Lucera were predominately farmers. They grew durum wheat, barley, legumes, grapes and other fruits. Muslims also kept bees for honey.
The colony thrived for 75 years until it was sacked in 1300 by Christian forces under the command of Charles II of Naples. The city's Muslim inhabitants were exiled or sold into slavery, with many finding asylum in Albania across the Adriatic Sea. Their abandoned mosques were demolished, and churches were usually built in their place, including the cathedral S. Maria della Vittoria.
After the Muslims were removed from Lucera, Charles tried to settle Christians in the city. Those Muslims that converted to Christianity got part of their property back, but none was restored his former position of political or economic influence. As time progressed, grain production fell in the city, and in 1339 the city was hit by a famine. Christians were allowed to farm as the Muslims.
A low genetic Northwest African contribution among today's inhabitants near the region of Lucera was revealed by a very recent genetic study in 2009.[non-primary source needed][verification needed]